There are various assumptions underlying the practice of career counselling. These include the following perspectives:
- People have the ability and opportunity to make career choices for their lives. The amount of freedom in choices is partially dependent upon the social, economic, and cultural context of individuals.
- Opportunities and choices should be available for all people, regardless ofsex, socio-economic class, religion, disability, sexual orientation, age, or cultural background.
- Individuals are naturally presented with career choices throughout their lives.
- People are generally involved in a wide range of work roles across their lifespan. These roles include both paid and unpaid work.
- Career counsellors assist people to explore, pursue and attain their career goals.
- Career counselling basically consists of four elements:
- (a) helping
individuals to gain greater self-awareness in areas such as interests, values,
abilities, and personality style,
- (b) connecting students to resources so that
they can become more knowledgeable about jobs and occupations,
- (c)engaging students in the decision-making process in order that they can
choose a career path that is well suited to their own interests, values,
abilities and personality style, and
- (d) assisting individuals to be activemanagers of their career paths (including managing career transitions andbalancing various life roles) as well as becoming lifelong learners in the
sense of professional development over the lifespan.
- The reasons why individuals enter particular occupations vary according to the amount of importance placed on personal preferences, such as interests, or external influences, such as labour market trends or parental expectations.
- Career decision-making is not something that happens only once in a person’s life but, rather, it is an ongoing process that might take place at any age.
- All forms of work are valuable, and contribute to the success and well being of a society.